六枝| 聊城| 凤庆| 象州| 浦城| 烟台| 盐亭| 修武| 峨边| 普安| 小金| 烟台| 八公山| 墨脱| 肃北| 利川| 济南| 河源| 巴林右旗| 和硕| 博爱| 武清| 汝阳| 光山| 魏县| 黄骅| 新巴尔虎左旗| 邵阳县| 遂溪| 岑溪| 凤城| 红河| 顺昌| 子长| 勐腊| 安陆| 错那| 澄城| 安达| 西峡| 土默特右旗| 富平| 阿荣旗| 鸡东| 长丰| 威县| 呼和浩特| 防城区| 东安| 铜陵县| 泸西| 畹町| 永和| 方正| 密山| 襄樊| 新洲| 驻马店| 罗田| 蓝田| 金州| 福清| 丰宁| 丰顺| 遵化| 泉港| 旬阳| 普洱| 楚州| 文山| 积石山| 汾西| 同心| 定西| 濮阳| 安国| 连云区| 云林| 合水| 南川| 新河| 泊头| 朝天| 阳新| 玉树| 召陵| 忻州| 日照| 尖扎| 漳平| 洮南| 金佛山| 涡阳| 鱼台| 武定| 莱山| 乌拉特中旗| 三门| 苍山| 鹿泉| 夏县| 大龙山镇| 乾安| 冠县| 河北| 鸡泽| 雷波| 黑水| 广德| 黄石| 江苏| 济南| 潮南| 雅江| 望都| 临洮| 比如| 台中县| 沁阳| 保定| 金昌| 湘乡| 辰溪| 曲阳| 凤冈| 茄子河| 株洲县| 马鞍山| 汉口| 巧家| 孟村| 耒阳| 林芝县| 天长| 石景山| 萧县| 夷陵| 石棉| 金昌| 元氏| 番禺| 潮州| 双鸭山| 轮台| 阿城| 潞西| 西充| 磴口| 南宫| 土默特左旗| 吕梁| 太谷| 梓潼| 八达岭| 集贤| 佳县| 房山| 辰溪| 巴马| 宜春| 汤原| 麻栗坡| 双江| 峨眉山| 杨凌| 景东| 天祝| 井冈山| 湖州| 新余| 大丰| 拉萨| 五原| 古田| 米易| 色达| 万山| 义县| 永靖| 镇坪| 息烽| 藤县| 平潭| 巨鹿| 交城| 衡阳市| 固原| 钟祥| 南木林| 临泽| 涿鹿| 台山| 峨山| 浚县| 五华| 德保| 鹿邑| 图们| 保山| 广灵| 霍山| 开化| 南宁| 南芬| 梅州| 临泉| 定结| 玉溪| 上蔡| 克什克腾旗| 聂荣| 长顺| 前郭尔罗斯| 曲麻莱| 马边| 调兵山| 玉山| 姜堰| 石林| 磴口| 龙州| 南山| 南昌县| 叶县| 昌黎| 贵溪| 怀安| 礼泉| 谷城| 金湾| 成县| 越西| 苏州| 会泽| 正宁| 冷水江| 广元| 杞县| 共和| 沛县| 昭通| 华县| 任县| 桑植| 泽州| 昌宁| 花莲| 滦平| 峡江| 房县| 嘉禾| 来宾| 滑县| 灵寿| 怀柔| 东兰| 紫金| 津南| 略阳| 乾县| 贵定| 阳信| 文登|

尚恩科技(股票代码831206)新三板上市最新公告列表

2019-09-18 06:10 来源:中国贸易新闻

  尚恩科技(股票代码831206)新三板上市最新公告列表

  随着联网通用的不断深化和国内银行卡受理环境的不断改善,银行卡交易额呈现快速递进增长。随着联网通用的不断深化和国内银行卡受理环境的不断改善,银行卡交易额呈现快速递进增长。

AstagephotoofSilkRoad,FlowerRain.()AstheSilkRoadweaveditswaythroughAsiaduringtheTangDynasty(618-907),linkingamyriadofculturesthroughtrade,,FlowerRain,aspectacularsetoffolkdancesfirstperformedin1979tocelebratethe30thanniversaryofthefoundingofthePeoplesRepublicofChina,makesuseofChineseandPersianmotifstotellastoryoflove,,amonth-longculturalcelebrationfêtingcountriesparticipatingintheBeltandRoadInitiative,,inclusivethemesofconnectivityandfriendship,thedancedramawasaperfectencapsulationofthefestivalsthemeandanexcellentuseoftheTianqiaoPerformingArtsCenter,SilkRoadfollowspainterZhangShenbi,hisdaughterYingniangandthePersianmerc,apsMogaoCavesserveasinspirationforthedancedrama,andduringoneactitisrevealedZhangcreatedtheseworkswhileservingoutanunfai,lettingtheirbodiesserveasconduitsfortheirartistry.VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)

  Thevillagehasfewerthan100permanentresidents,butatleast60ofthemareyogaenthusiasts.(PhotobyZhaoZhannan/forChinaDaily)HealthierresidentslesslikelytobeoverwhelmedwithmedicalbillsVill,52,ishelpingpopularizetheexerciseforminanimpoverishedvillageinHebeiprovince,,m,whospenttwodecadesasamusicteacheratacollegeinShijiazhuang,theHebeicapital,wassenttoYugsfortunesaroundforavarietyofreasonsbeyondhiscontrol."The,"Lusaid.RussianPresidentVladimirPutinandvisitingIndianPrimeMinisterNarendraModidecidedtostepupeconomicandenergycooperationonMondayduringthetalksintheBlackSearesortofSochi,"long,frank,friendly"Putin-Moditalksthatthetwoleaderspaidparticularattentiontotheeconomiccooperation,surethesolideconomiccomponentofasummittobeheldinIndiainearlyOctoberthisyear,,Russia-Indiatradeincreasedabout20percentin2017andgrewsome40percentinthe"firstmonths",includingoil,liquefiednaturalgasandpeacefuluseofnuclearenergy,xtremism,separatismandterrorism,hesaid."Therewasadiscussionaboutvariousareasofourspecificcooperationattheregionalandgloballevel,"Lavrovsaid,addingthatRussiaandIndiahadconfirmedtheywillstronglyopposeattemptstopoliticizetheworkoftheOrganizationfortheProhibitionofChemicalWeapons(OPCW).TheOPCWisresponsibleforaninvestigationintoallegedchemicalweaponattacksinSyria.  

  截至2009年6月底,境内联网商户达135万户,联网POS机具达211万台,联网ATM机达18万台,分别是银联成立前2001年的9倍、倍和倍,一个规模化的银行卡受理网络在我国已经形成。HealthyeconomictiesbetweentwonationsbeneficialforglobaloutlookTheconsensusthattherewillbe"notradewar"—reachedduringthelatestroundoftradetalksbetweentheworldstoptwoeconomies—meansalot,,butalsofortheglobaleconomyasawhole,,PresidentXiJinpingsspecialenvoy,had"positive,pragmatic,constructiveandfruitful",sthattherewillbenotradewarandbothsideswillstopplacingtariffsononeanother,fthetwocountriesandisintheinterestsofthepeoplefrombothcountriesandtheworld,,Liusaid,addingthatthetwocountriesshouldproperlyhan,Illinois,,Sept29,2017.[Photo/VCG]WeiJianguo,formervice-ministerofcommerce,saidthecollaborationbetweenBeijingandWashingtonwillbeconducivetoconsumersandbusinessesofthetwocountriesanditwillhelpfueltheworldeconomy,astheworld,,,,"meaningfulincreases"setradeinmanufacturedgoodsandservices,,Liusaidthetwosideshavealreadyestablishedsomeworkinggroups,includingtheagriculturalgroup.""tohavedeeperdiscussionsandtrytomakeconcretedeals,,LiusaidChinaisreadytobuygoodsfromtheUnitedStatesandtherestoftheworld,answeringXi,withitshugemiddle-incomepopulation,willbecometheworld,sonationseyeingformarketsharehavetoimprovetheirproductsandservicessothattheChineseconsumerswouldliketobuythem,ration,ratherthanunilateraltradeaction,istherightpathforwardtoaddresseconomicandtradedisputes,,chiefstrategistatCindaSecurities,saidcollaborationandcooperationratherthanconfthoseintheAsia-Pacificregionandaroundtheworld,,ChinaeconomistatANZGroup,saidthetradetalkshelpedreverseglobalpessimismaboutanescalationofalarge-scaletradewaranditwillreduceexternaluncert,founderandpresidentoftheCenterforChinaandGlobalization,saidtheresolutionsreachedduringthisroundoftradetalksbodewellforfurtherimprovementoftherelationsbetweenthetwocountries."Ithaslaidasolidfoundationfortheresolutionofanyproblemsthatmayariseinbilateraltraderelationsinthefuture,"Wangsaid."Thissoundspositimsuretherewillbefurtherdiscussionstofinalizethedetails,"saidRickKimberley,,suchasagriculturalproductsandenergy,,,haiinNovemberisamajormoveinthatregard.  

FolkartistZhangBinmakesdoughfigurinesinanintangibleculturalheritagefairinShenyang,capitalofnortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/YaoJianfeng)PeoplevisitChineseculturalheritageartexhibitioninGuangzhou,southChinasGuangdongProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LuHanxin)ApersonvisitsChineseculturalheritageartexhibitioninGuangzhou,southChinasGuangdongProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LuHanxin)InkstoneamateurscompeteinaninkstonecarvingcontestinWuyuan,eastChinasJiangxiProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/SongZhenping)AchildgetshissugarpaintinginanintangibleculturalheritagefairinShenyang,capitalofnortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/YaoJianfeng)AfolkartistcommunicateswithonlineaudienceinnorthChinasTianjinMunicipality,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LiRan)

  银联支付流程:进入订单页面选择银联完成订单选择银行卡付款选择支付银行输入银行卡信息确认完成。

  PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIransnucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIranseconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEUsEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEuropescommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran,,cooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,,however,theEUsmessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIransforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,",whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForei"ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,",HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountsinterests,whiseffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,,,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,,Canetestressedthatpgreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,,IransPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIransoilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"rupcomingdecisiontosecurememberssnucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute""theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulates  TheconsensusesreachedduringeconomicandtradeconsultationsbetweenChinaandtheUnitedStatesmeettheinterestsofthepeopleofthetwocountriesandwholeworld,,justreturnedfromtheUnitedstates,referredtothetalksas"positive,pragmatic,andproductive"tofurtheradvanceall-roundpragmaticcooperationat,governorofAlaskaandJohnSanchez,lieutenantgovernorofNewMexico,trade,investment,greendevelopmentandpeople-to-peopleexchangesatthelocallevel,,ForeignMinistryspokespersonLuKangtoldadailynewsbriefingthatChinaexpectsnofurtherreversalsintradeandeconomictieswiththeUnitedStates."Ifthegovernmentsofthetwocountriesreachagoodagreementandresultsthatareacceptabletoboth,,wedonotwanttoseeanyreversal,",thefundamentalreasonwhybothnationshavebeenabletomanagedisputeshasbeenthattherelationshipisinthebestinterestofbothcountriesandtheirpeople,headded.",whicharemutuallybeneficialandwin-wininnature,willplayamoreeffectiverole,"saidthespokesperson.  

  GovernmentstillsupportslegaloutboundinvestmentChinascross-bordercapitalflowswerestableandbalancedinthefirsthalfofthisyear,"thebestphaseinnearlythreeyears,"whileindividualsdevelopedanincreasedawarenessofhowtouseforeigncurrencylegally,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchange(SAFE),individualpurchasesofforeigncurrencyslumpedby4percentyear-on-year,comparedwith14percentgrowthinthesameperiodlastyear,WangChunying,aspokespersonoftheSAFE,tdisclosetheexforeigncurrencyholdingsfell$,,asenioranalystatBankofCommunications,saidthatthefiguresshowedtheeffortsofthegovernmentslikethoseinvolvingtourism."Somepeopletransferredmoneyabroadtoengageinoverseasinvestment(inearlierperiods),nearly2017thatbannedindividualsfromacquiringforeigncurrencytobuypropertiesorinvestinsecuritiesonoffshoremarkets,",($879billion)netforeignexchangesettlementdeficitreached$,down46percentonayearlybasis,,reservesreached$,up$lot,whichmeansthatChinahascontinuedtoemergefromthe"shadows",directoroftheResearchCenterofInternationalFinanceattheShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,saidthatapartfromgovernmentmanagement,otherfactorsliketheweakeningdollarandtheimprovin:,"ButIdontthinkthatwecancompletelyletourguarddownaboutfuturecapitaloutflows,becausethedollarmightstrengthenagainandtheimpactoftheslumpingrealestatesectoronthedomesticeconomymightbecomeevidentlaterthisyear,""instabilityfactors"inChinasforeigncurrencymarket,suchasdomesticeconomicinstabilityorexternalpressurefromastrongerdollar,spolicyinvolvingcurrencymovementshasbeenconsistent,anditwillinsistuponsupportinglegaloutbounddirectinvestmentandpromotingtheconvenienceofove,thegovernmentshouldconsidereasingitsgriponforeigncurrencymanagement,italaccountsuchasspeedingupthebondconnectprogram.  

  在建设和运营银联跨行交易清算系统、实现银行卡联网通用的基础上,中国银联积极联合商业银行等产业各方推广统一的银联卡标准规范,创建银行卡自主品牌;推动银行卡的发展和应用;维护银行卡受理市场秩序,防范银行卡风险。银联支付流程:进入订单页面选择银联完成订单选择银行卡付款选择支付银行输入银行卡信息确认完成。

  ChinassouthernmostislandprovinceofHainanlauncheda100-dayeventstartingonMay20toattractglobalinvestmestop500companies,leadingindustrialconglomeratesandinternationallywell-knownenterprisestostartprojectsontheislandorestablishheadquartersorregionalheadquartersinHaikou,capitalofHainan,orSanya,aholidayresortcityatthesoutherntipofHainan,vestmentinthedevelopmentofaheadquarterseconomy,serviceagencies,industrialparkconstructionplatformsandindustrialprojects."Keyareassetforenticinginvestorsincludetourism,high-efficiencytropicalagriculture,medicineandhealthcare,modernfinancialservices,newandhigh-technologies,conventionandexhibition,oceaneconomy,infrastructure,revitalizationofruralareasandprotectionoftheecologicalenvironment,",whichwillcontinuetolateAugust,isoneofthemeasuresannouncedtoimplementtherequirementssetbythecentralgovernmenttowelcomeinvestorsfromaroundtheworldtopartic,whilecelebratingthe30thanniversaryofHainansdesignationasaprovince,thecentralgovernmentunveiledplanstotransformitintoapilotinternationalfreetradezoneandgraduallyexplorebuildingafreetradeportwithChinesecharacteristics."The100-dayeventtoattractienttoensurethesuccessfuldevelopmentoftheHainanpilotfreetradezone(port),whichpresentlydoesnothaveawell-developedeconomy,"iciesforenterprisesandinternationalorgrpriseinnovation,anditwillfurtheradvanceconstructionofinfrastructureontheisland,,Hainanannouncedaplantowooamilliontalentedindividualsfromhomeandabroad,dprogressinbuildingtheChina(Hainan)PilotFreeTradeZoneandfreetradeportwithChinesecharacteristicsandexploringanewopeneconomicsystem.  

  ChildrenplayonasquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)StudentsofamiddleschoolplayfootballinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmangoeswindsurferinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,May4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)CitizensposeforphotoattheOlympicParkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)ChildrenpracticerollerskatinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmandoesexercisesataparkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)AsailboatisseeninthewaterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)

  AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)PublichealthworkerssprayinsecticideamidfearsofanewcholeraoutbreakinSanaa,Yemen,June7,’srainyseasonwilllikelytriggeranotherwaveofcholera,puttingmillionsatriskinthewar-torncountry,whichisstillreelingfromoneoftheworld’sworstoutbreaksofthekillerdisease,scientistswarnedinMay.(Photo/Agencies)PublichealthworkerssprayinsecticideamidfearsofanewcholeraoutbreakinSanaa,Yemen,June7,’srainyseasonwilllikelytriggeranotherwaveofcholera,puttingmillionsatriskinthewar-torncountry,whichisstillreelingfromoneoftheworld’sworstoutbreaksofthekillerdisease,scientistswarnedinMay.(Photo/Agencies)PublichealthworkerssprayinsecticideamidfearsofanewcholeraoutbreakinSanaa,Yemen,June7,’srainyseasonwilllikelytriggeranotherwaveofcholera,puttingmillionsatriskinthewar-torncountry,whichisstillreelingfromoneoftheworld’sworstoutbreaksofthekillerdisease,scientistswarnedinMay.(Photo/Agencies)

  

  尚恩科技(股票代码831206)新三板上市最新公告列表

 
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首 页 >> 健康 >> 中医 >> 中医常识 >> 防治哮喘 “三穴五针”解难题 >> 阅读

防治哮喘 “三穴五针”解难题

2019-09-18 11:03 作者:刘梦怡 来源:北京晚报 编辑:昝祯媛
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ChinassouthernmostislandprovinceofHainanlauncheda100-dayeventstartingonMay20toattractglobalinvestmestop500companies,leadingindustrialconglomeratesandinternationallywell-knownenterprisestostartprojectsontheislandorestablishheadquartersorregionalheadquartersinHaikou,capitalofHainan,orSanya,aholidayresortcityatthesoutherntipofHainan,vestmentinthedevelopmentofaheadquarterseconomy,serviceagencies,industrialparkconstructionplatformsandindustrialprojects."Keyareassetforenticinginvestorsincludetourism,high-efficiencytropicalagriculture,medicineandhealthcare,modernfinancialservices,newandhigh-technologies,conventionandexhibition,oceaneconomy,infrastructure,revitalizationofruralareasandprotectionoftheecologicalenvironment,",whichwillcontinuetolateAugust,isoneofthemeasuresannouncedtoimplementtherequirementssetbythecentralgovernmenttowelcomeinvestorsfromaroundtheworldtopartic,whilecelebratingthe30thanniversaryofHainansdesignationasaprovince,thecentralgovernmentunveiledplanstotransformitintoapilotinternationalfreetradezoneandgraduallyexplorebuildingafreetradeportwithChinesecharacteristics."The100-dayeventtoattractienttoensurethesuccessfuldevelopmentoftheHainanpilotfreetradezone(port),whichpresentlydoesnothaveawell-developedeconomy,"iciesforenterprisesandinternationalorgrpriseinnovation,anditwillfurtheradvanceconstructionofinfrastructureontheisland,,Hainanannouncedaplantowooamilliontalentedindividualsfromhomeandabroad,dprogressinbuildingtheChina(Hainan)PilotFreeTradeZoneandfreetradeportwithChinesecharacteristicsandexploringanewopeneconomicsystem.  

哮喘是一种呼吸顽疾,对患者有很大的危害,春季和春夏交替之际又是该疾病的高发时期。但是对于引发哮喘的原因大众并不十分了解,其实,有很多人想象不到的因素都是引发哮喘的元凶。

哮喘三分治 七分养

每到春夏交替之际,随着天气变暖、气候开始发生变化,万物升发。此时,人们体内的阳气也随之上升,过敏性疾病开始高发,而哮喘则属于众多过敏性疾病中的一种。在中医里,哮喘又被称为哮病,气道拥塞、痰随气声、气音痰阻都是哮喘的主要症状。每到夜间,部分哮喘患者还会病症加重导致睡眠障碍。

东城中医医院肺病科主任医师陈银魁教授说:“当人体气道里的平滑肌受到外物刺激,即会造成平滑肌水肿,从而引发哮喘,所以哮喘是一种无菌性炎症。”据了解,过敏性体质人群在接触到过敏原以后尤其容易引发哮喘。像花粉、柳絮、猫毛、狗毛,都属于容易引发人们过敏症状的物质。据调查发现,曾经饲养宠物的人哮喘患病风险达到2.3%,远超过未曾饲养宠物者。特别是现在家庭中饲养宠物越来越多见,这可能导致哮喘患病率增加。另外需要注意的是,过敏性体质人群如果在春夏之季食用海鲜等发物,也容易让自身的过敏症状加重。

在中医里,哮喘患者可以采用三穴五针的治疗方式、同时配以中药辅助,需要注意的是,任何过敏性疾病想要治愈都是三分靠治、七分靠养,哮喘亦是如此。在陈银魁看来,除了针灸汤药,保持良好的生活习惯及饮食规律;改变生活环境及保持身心愉悦,对于患者来说同样重要。

“中医治病讲求阴阳互济、慢调细理,有时患者睡眠质量高比吃一味药还管用。”陈银魁直言,任何疾病想要治其根本,患者在吃药的同时必须做到全方位的身心管理。

部分哮喘可能由鼻炎引起

在陈教授接触到的所有临床患者中,至少60%哮喘病确诊患者的病症都是由鼻炎引起的。

在人体的各个身体器官中,鼻子是肺的门户,每个人的鼻腔中都有丰富的毛细血管,这些毛细血管能够帮助人体阻挡外界的颗粒和过敏原,就像一张无形的网,在日常生活中为人体的呼吸系统起到一个过滤作用。而鼻炎患者由于鼻腔内体液回流受阻,所以他们鼻子的防御能力已经下降。

“鼻炎与普通感冒不同,很多患者觉得罹患鼻炎既不影响吃饭、也不影响上班,对自己的日常生活没有造成实际性干预,于是在治疗过程中非常懈怠,但是他们不知道,如果一直对鼻炎置之不理将很容易引发哮喘。”陈银魁称,如果一个人只出现了鼻腔瘙痒、打喷嚏、流鼻涕等症状,没有出现发热、头疼等症状,并且正值春暖花开之际发病,那么这个人很可能罹患了过敏性鼻炎,患者需要注意区分治疗。

“过敏性疾病通常难治疗、易复发,鼻炎亦是如此。”陈银魁称,很多鼻炎患者初期均为季节性发病,例如对花粉过敏的人群,每年春季是他们的疾病高发期,病症一般持续至四月底、五月初会逐渐减轻,但是随着年龄的增长,人们的身体体质逐渐下降,一直未被治疗的鼻炎病症,它的发病时间将会越来越没有规律,发病间隔也将逐步缩短。

所以,鼻炎患者一经确诊应尽快就医治疗,避免病情延误引发哮喘。

遗传、肥胖、吸烟、合并症也易引发哮喘

哮喘发生机制复杂,多由遗传、环境共同作用而引起,其中遗传因素占非常重要的地位。具有哮喘家族史的人群是该疾病的高发人群。陈银魁称,如果父母中有一方罹患哮喘,孩子的哮喘风险都会远高于一般人群;如果夫妻双方都是过敏性体质或其父母有哮喘病史的,两人的下一代患有哮喘的几率可达50%。

另外专家认为,肥胖也可能和哮喘有关。肥胖对于呼吸系统的影响是多方面的,比如肥胖者体力活动下降,饮食模式也和成人不同,还可能会影响到气道通气。不过更重要的是,脂肪细胞本身也相当于一种炎症细胞,肥胖者也相当于处在一种慢性炎症状态,这种炎症反应可能会影响到全身多个系统,其中也包括气道炎症,这可能增加肥胖者发生哮喘的风险。而一旦患上哮喘,由于人体运动受限,又可能会加重肥胖。

除此之外,吸烟者的哮喘患病率明显高于非吸烟者;同时,吸烟还可以增加哮喘的严重性,加速患者肺功能的损害,降低患者对药物的反应性,使得哮喘更加难以控制。值得注意的是,这里的“吸烟”不仅包括直接吸烟,也包括空气中的二手烟,以及吸烟者头发、衣物上沾染的烟雾有害颗粒造成的“三手烟”污染。

而且据调查显示,患有过敏性结膜炎、湿疹、呼吸道疾病及胃食管反流病的人群中,哮喘患病率明显偏高,由此提示此类疾病可能是哮喘患病的一个危险因素。此外,一些疾病的气道炎症反应、长期反复刺激也会增加哮喘风险。“在日常生活中,可能诱发哮喘的因素非常多样,我们要仔细辨认,不能单方面去看待问题,一定要多方面考虑。”陈银魁称,任何事情就像魔方一样有很多面,只有全面考虑才能避免伤害。



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